Pink papers - Performance Breeding
- How to register a
litter - USA\SV, USA only and AKC
- How to register a
kennel name - USA
- How to individually
register a dog - USA\SV
- How to AKC register
your imported dog.
- The HD Zuchtwert
have probably heard about 'pink papers' when
talking to breeders of German Shepherd Dogs.
This refers to the additional pedigree
issues by the Vereine für Deutsche
Schäferhunde (SV) through the United
Schutzhund Clubs of America (USA) office.
The pedigree is registered with the USA
office and the dog is listed in the registry
that it maintains.
So what does this mean? It
means that both parents have proven their
working ability by attaining titles of at
least SchH1 and have received a Breed Survey
(Körung) that is current at the time of
What does that involve?
Well, first the dogs must have sound nerves,
be well socialized and obedient to pass it's
first test - the Begleitehundprüfung or BH.
It must be at least 12 months old to enter
in the test which is judged by an SV or USA
judge at a sanctioned event. The dog must
also be tattooed. The BH is a prerequisite
for the SchH1 title which cannot be earned
before the age of 18 months and includes
tracking, obedience and protection work also
judged by an SV or USA judge at a sanctioned
event. The three phases of the SchH1 test
are held at one event usually in one day.
What about a Breed Survey?
The dog must have an OFA hip certification
of Excellent, Good or Fair or have received
an 'A' stamp rating of Normal, Fast Normal
(almost normal) or Noch Zuglassen (still
allowable) from the SV in Germany. The dog
is eligible for an OFA rating at 24 months
of age or for an 'A' Stamp at 12 months of
age. The dog must also have gotten a show
rating of Good or better in the 18-24 month
class or Good or better in the Working Class
(24 months of age with title). In addition
to these requirements, the dog and handler
must prove their stamina in a 12+ mile
endurance test where the dog gaits alongside
the bicycling handler. This test is called
the Ausdauerprüfung (Endurance Test).
Can I get pink papers on
my dog? Currently the only way to get pink
papers on a US born German Shepherd Dog is
for the breeder of the litter to submit
registration to the USA office. First a
notice of mating card is sent to the USA
office, listing the sire and dam of the
expected litter, signed by the owner of the
pair. The registration process includes
several visits to the breeders kennel after
the puppies are whelped, by a designated
Breed Warden, who check on the health and
condition of the dam and puppies. At seven
weeks of age, the puppies can be tattooed by
a registered USA tattooer or by a
Veterinarian. The Breed Warden usually
assists with the tattooing if possible. Both
the Breed Warden and Tattooer sign the
registration papers and check to see that
the information being submitted is correct.
The application must be typewritten.
Is this the only paperwork
I need on my dog? No, the only FCI
recognized breed registry in the United
States is the AKC. So you should make sure
you have AKC papers on your puppy or dog as
What do Pink Papers look
Click to see full sized.
How do I get a registered
kennel name with the United Schutzhund Clubs
of America? Call the USA office at (314)
638-9686 and ask them to mail or fax you a
registration form. Pick a unique kennel name
that you want to live with. It will be yours
for life and cannot be changed or sold or
willed to another.
Can I register my dog or
puppies with the United Schutzhund Clubs of
America only? Yes, but remember that you
will still need to register with the AKC.
The USA is now providing an in house registy.
Both parents need to be registered with USA.
Visit their website for further details.
How do I register my
puppies with the AKC? First both of the
parents need AKC registration papers . Then
fill out the AKC litter registration
application and send it in with the required
fees. You can download a
litter registration application here or
visit the AKC
website for more information.
How do I register my AKC
registered dog with the USA? You'll need a
certified AKC four generation pedigree and
the original AKC registration papers. Your
dog will need to have a tattoo. Most German
Shepherds are tattooed in the right ear but
other areas of the body are acceptable. Just
remember that if you are going to work or
show your dog, you will be required to show
the tattoo to the Judge and the Judge will
want to be able to read it. Then you will
need to fill out the additional information
required by the USA office in a form they
supply. Send all of your paperwork along
with the required fees to the USA office.
They, in turn, will assign a registration
number and stamp the pedigree. The paperwork
is sent to the SV office where it is also
recorded and stamped before being returned
How do I get AKC
registration on my imported dog? The AKC
supplies a form and requires two photos of
the dog and an ownership certification from
the country of origin. The letter that you
will need from the SV is called a
Bescheinigung. You can request one from the
SV in writing or by fax. The charge is
usually about 40DM. You can also request one
through the USA office. You can download a
foreign registration form here or visit
the AKC website
for more information.
What the heck is the HD
Zuchtwert? This basically is a rating system
employed by the SV wherein the dog is given
a numeric value derived from it's parents,
siblings and offspring. That value is
supposed to reflect the possible
heritability of hip displasia - the lower
the number the better chances the dog has of
not producing hip displasia. There are rules
for the members of the SV in Germany that
prohibit mating two dogs that will have a
high combined score.
1. How is the Breed Value
HD worked out for my dog? What is the
formula for it?
There is no precise
formular in these calculations. The Breed
Value of every animal is considered
"unknown" at the beginning of the
calculations. Then an equation is put up for
every animal, of the formular:
HD = the breed average +
Breed Value of this animal + variation of
sex + other influences.
In this equation the breed
average, breed value and the effect of the
sex are formulated as the "cause" of HD. In
the SV, 450,000 equations are formulated for
450,000 animals, with the 450,000 unknown
Breed Values. Then some supplementary
conditions (stipulations or prerequisites)
of the laws of inheritance and heredity are
mathematically formulated. Following this,
the computer has to solve the 450,000
equations with the 450,000 unknown factors.
The answers are the assessed (estimated)
Breed Values. This means that there is no
formular, in which a dog's breed value is
worked out on its own.What role does its own
HD score play in my dog's HD Breed Value?
The dog's own HD grade
modifies that, which was already known about
the line (sire and dam). Siblings, (same
father and same mother) may differ through
their own HD status. If an animal has
progeny, its own HD status slips more and
more into the background. With 30 - 40
progeny, it is practically of no
3. How is a foreign "a"
evaluated for the Breed Value Assessment?
At the this time, dogs
from abroad with the "a" are evaluated in
the formulations as though they were not
x-rayed. Their Breed Value Assessment is
gained only through their x rayed relatives.
As these animals can no be clearly termed as
"free" or "still Acceptable", an assumption
in this case, would be unfair.
4. How can a dog, that was
not x -rayed, have a Breed Value for HD?
In the system of equations
(see Answer 1), there is a lateral clause,
that the father (and the mother) give half
of their genes to the progeny. Therefore the
Breed Value of the progeny can be assessed
or estimated, if nothing is known about the
animal ( un x-rayed), as well as the breed
value of the sire and dam are known. In the
same way, a parent can be assessed if the
progeny is known, because progeny have one
half of their genes from their parents.
Siblings on the one hand help to
characterise the parents, the knowledge
about the breed value of the parents helps
on the other hand, to assess the breed value
of the untested siblings.
5. How accurate can the
Breed Value Assessment be, if for more than
half of the whelps, no HD information is
In the Breed Value
Assessment, the percentage of the pups does
not matter, but the absolute number. The
last Sieger has at this point in time, 91
x-rayed progeny, who characterise his
heredity well. In the breed Value Assessment
it is not the percentage of the whelps that
counts, but the total number! The last
Sieger, at this point in time, has his
heritage well demonstrated by 91 progeny.
6. My bitch has passed on
the "a" well up to now. What happens if I
mate her to a dog that has a HD Breed Value
If the bitch has produced
well, this must be seen in her Breed Value.
Good progeny however, can also be the result
of good matings. If the bitch, for instance,
is mated to a dog with a value of 100, then
the risk for the puppies is higher. The
bitch is only "accredited negatively" if the
pups are worse than could be expected with
Generally it is a fact
that the stud dog owner would be well
advised if he also accepted "poor" bitches,
because with the poor bitches a dog can show
plainly that he "improves"
With HD, where there is no
freer than free, it is difficult to prove a
positive heritability of the top bitches.
7. How do dogs that have
no HD findings flow into the HD Breed Value
At this stage un-x rayed
animals are neutral for the Breed Value
Assessment, they are not taken into
8. What does the mean
Breed Value of 100 mean, and the stated
deviation of the standard of ten points
mentioned in the breeding plan?
The Breed Value of 100
means, that the animal's heredity is typical
for the breed. At this time the breed mean
is 1,71, that is between HD free and slight
HD. What is passed on, can be better or
worse than 100.The average deviation above
or below this, will be set at 10 points for
9. What does a Breed Value
over 100 mean for my dog?
The Breed Value for one's
own dog means that he passes on poorly. As
the breed average itself is still
unsatisfactory, matings should be strived
for, that lie under 100. With this, "you
must not throw out the baby with the bath
water." The first priority is working
ability, Temperament and so on. If one finds
a stud dog who brings the expectations for
the pups (the average of father and mother)
below the 100 value, that is sufficient.
10. Conversely, what does
a breed value below 100 mean for my dog?
A Breed Value below 100
means, that there is a greater freedom in
the choice of dogs firm in character, strong
in performance and of good construction,
even if their breed value is around 100.
With a bitch value of 83, one can even
accept a dog of 117!
11. Can a Breed Value be
worked out for criteria other than HD, and
if yes, for which ones?
A breed value Assessment
can be taken for other characteristics. For
this, it is important, that the
characteristic is accurately defined. The
inheritance of size, it is thought, will be
described next. These breed values would
then be purely for the breeders' information
in their breeding plans. There will be no
editions published for this.
Dr. Reiner Beuing
University of Gießen
the SV website at
to search on a dog and return the current
HDZ value. Not all dogs in the database
maintained by the SV are available on the
web search. Recently the SV has imposed
mandatory elbow displasia screening but I do
not have all of the information on that
program at this time.